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Japon | Céline en Chine
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Japon

Nankin express (2) le Mémorial du Massacre de Nankin

10 octobre 2005

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Le premier lieu de Nankin que j’ai visité fut le Mémorial du Massacre de Nankin. Certes pas vraiment ce qu’il y a de plus réjouissant pour une visite touristique. Un peu anti-chronologique comme méthode de découverte aussi. Mais une visite marquante et intéressante pour peu qu’on cherche à connaître mieux l’histoire de la Chine du 20ème siècle.
Un peu comme on irait visiter le Mémorial de Caen en Normandie.

Comme je le disais dans mon petit tour d'horizon de ma courte visite de Nankin, à vivre en Chine, j’ai appris à connaître et à tenter de comprendre les événements de l’histoire de la Chine, qui nous sont d’ailleurs souvent méconnus en Occident.

Ce mémorial fait référence au massacre des habitants de Nankin lors de l’occupation de la ville par les Japonais durant 6 semaines, du 13 décembre 1937 à janvier 1938.
Les atrocités alors perpétrées furent la cause de la mort d’entre 300 000 et 400 000 civils chinois, exécutés au cours de massacres collectifs ou d’assassinats individuels. Une cruauté qui explique aujourd’hui les protestations des Chinois face au retrait pur et simple de cet épisode tragique des manuels scolaires japonais.

Aujourd’hui le Mémorial de Nankin est un lieu de pèlerinage pour toutes les générations de Chinois. Ils étaient en effet assez nombreux à s’y être rendus quand j’y suis passée. D’ailleurs, hasard du calendrier avec les vacances d’octobre ?, ce lundi 3 octobre l’entrée était gratuite. La grande croix portant les dates fatidiques a pu être reconnue de loin par beaucoup de pèlerins ce jour-là.

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